report card of Hainan's economic development in the 13th five year plan: the effectiveness of economic structure adjustment highlights the new driving force of consumption and foreign trade and foreign investment

2022-05-11
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作者:出海易

Haikou, people's daily, January 13 (fan Huandi) - on January 13, the third press conference of Hainan's "13th five year plan" brilliant achievements in construction and development was held. At the press conference, relevant heads of the Provincial Bureau of statistics, the Provincial Department of Commerce and the provincial development and Reform Commission introduced Hainan's economic operation during the 13th Five Year Plan period, as well as Hainan's investment, consumption Development of major economic indicators such as foreign trade

according to the press conference, Hainan's main economic indicators maintained rapid growth. In the first four years of the 13th five year plan, the average annual growth rate was 6.5%; The total retail sales of social consumer goods increased by 8.5% annually; The average annual growth of local general public budget revenue is 6.7%; In 2019, the total import and export of services increased by 9.2%; In 2019, the actual utilization of foreign capital increased by 27.9% annually; The per capita disposable income of urban residents increased by 8.1% and that of rural residents by 8.6%. The industrial structure has been continuously optimized and the construction of modern industrial system has been accelerated. In the first three quarters of 2020, the proportion of tertiary industry has increased by 5.9 percentage points compared with the end of the 12th Five Year Plan, 4.5 percentage points higher than that of the whole country, and the development of leading industries has been accelerated

the adjustment of investment structure has achieved remarkable results, and non real estate investment has increased significantly. From January to November 2020, the proportion of real estate development investment, industrial investment (excluding real estate investment), infrastructure investment and public service investment decreased by 11.6 percentage points and increased by 3.2, 3.9 and 4.5 percentage points respectively compared with the end of the 12th Five Year Plan. Infrastructure investment and public service investment maintained rapid growth, with an average annual growth of 10.2% and 23.9% respectively in the first four years. We have successfully walked out of the painful period of real estate regulation, and the free trade port has made a good start in the first year. In the first three quarters of 2020, the proportion of real estate investment has been adjusted from more than 50% to less than 40%; GDP growth is slightly faster than that of the whole country by 0.4 percentage points; Fixed asset investment resumed growth, 7.6 percentage points faster than that of the whole country. New drivers of economic growth have been continuously cultivated and effectively transformed. In the first four years of the 13th five year plan, the contribution rate of the service industry to economic growth reached 74.9%. In the first three quarters of 2020, the contribution rate of service industry to economic growth exceeded 80%. The contribution of consumption to economic growth reached 78.5%, and the development of new economy and new business forms accelerated

the press conference pointed out that since the 13th five year plan, Hainan has adjusted the investment structure with the supply side and demand side reform as the main line, actively carried out real estate regulation and control, and basically got rid of the dependence of investment on the real estate industry. In April 2020, the province's fixed investment growth rate changed from negative to positive for the first time in 22 months, and increased for eight consecutive months in November of that year. The investment structure was gradually optimized. From January to November 2020, the proportion of real estate investment in the province decreased to 39.2%, 8.5 percentage points lower than that in 2016, and the investment structure was gradually optimized. Private investment is more active. From January to November 2020, private investment increased by 1.3% year-on-year, 2.7 percentage points higher than the growth rate (- 1.4%) in June 2018. In 2020, there will be about 150000 new enterprises in the province, with a year-on-year increase of more than 113%, ranking first in the country

the structure of consumer goods has been optimized and upgraded, and the tax exemption on outlying islands has become a new driving force for consumption. In the past three years, the tax-free sales of Hainan outlying islands have maintained rapid growth. In 2020, the total sales (including tax) of duty-free stores was 32.74 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 127%, accounting for more than 16% of the total social retail sales in the province. New retail models such as short video, live broadcast and social e-commerce developed rapidly. In 2020, the online retail sales of the province was 75.270 billion yuan, with an average growth rate of 24% in five years. The circulation system of the consumer market has been improved day by day, the "comprehensive demonstration of e-commerce in rural areas" and the upgrading and transformation of the farmers' market have been vigorously promoted, and the modern circulation network system of agricultural products has been accelerated. Improve the quality and efficiency of foreign trade development

the structure of goods import and export has been continuously optimized, and the import of duty-free goods has become a new growth point of foreign trade. In the first November of 2020, the import of duty-free goods was 21.09 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 96.5%. New progress was made in new trade formats. In the first 11 months of last year, the province's cross-border e-commerce imports amounted to 457 million yuan, an increase of 531.2%. In the past three years, the main body of the registered service trade market in the province has increased by 2.1 times. The structure of service trade has been continuously optimized and emerging services have developed rapidly. In 2020, 7 of the 12 service trade sectors have achieved positive growth, and the annual import and export has increased by 1.10 times. Emerging service trade accounted for 56.95% of the total, much higher than 22.89% in the same period last year. The use of foreign capital has reached new highs. The structure of Foreign-funded Industries has been continuously optimized. Modern service industry has become the main driving force to promote the growth of foreign capital and optimize the structure. In 2020, 80 countries and regions invested in Hainan Province, a year-on-year increase of double

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(editor in charge: Pan Huiwen, Wang Qingfang)

[source: People's daily]

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