the total foreign trade volume reached a new high in 2018, and the role of private enterprises became more prominent

出海易/ 2022-05-10

on January 14, the General Administration of Customs released data that China's total import and export value in 2018 was 30.51 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.7% over 2017. The scale reached another record high and is expected to continue to maintain its position as the largest country in the world's trade in goods. The reporter also learned that at present, the customs, the Ministry of Commerce and other departments are brewing support policies to ensure the stable development and quality improvement of foreign trade in 2019

on the same day, Li Kuiwen, spokesman of the General Administration of customs and director of the statistical analysis department, said at the press conference of the state information office that China's total import and export value of foreign trade reached a new level last year. In 2005, the total value of China's foreign trade import and export exceeded 10 trillion yuan for the first time; In 2010, more than 20 trillion yuan; In 2018, it reached a new high of more than 30 trillion yuan, 2.7 trillion yuan more than the historical high in 2017

among them, private enterprises contributed more than 50% to the growth of China's foreign trade in that year, and played a more prominent role in promoting the development of foreign trade. Li Kuiwen said that in 2018, there were 372000 private enterprises with import and export performance, an increase of 10.7% over 2017, and more private enterprises participated in import and export activities

Li Kuiwen introduced that the regional distribution of private enterprises has achieved echelon development. In 2018, the import and export growth of private enterprises in the central, Western and northeast regions reached 20.3%, 18.9% and 16.7% respectively, higher than 12.1% in the East, showing a trend of echelon development and achieving double-digit growth

this has also promoted the regional development of China's foreign trade to a certain extent. According to the data, in 2018, the growth rate of import and export in the central and western regions and Northeast China was higher than the overall growth rate of the country. The growth rate of foreign trade in 12 provinces and cities in the West was 16.1%, 6.4 percentage points higher than the national growth rate; The growth rate of foreign trade in six provinces and cities in Central China was 11.4%, 1.7 percentage points higher than the national growth rate; The growth rate of foreign trade in the three northeastern provinces was 14.8%, 5.1 percentage points higher than the national growth rate

the reporter also learned that there will be more proactive policies to expand imports in 2019. Including further promoting the reduction of the general level of import tariffs, strengthening support for the import of advanced technology, important equipment and key parts, and further improving the policy support measures for parallel import of automobiles

in the field of cross-border e-commerce, Li Kuiwen revealed that in the next step, the General Administration of Customs will further improve the information system of cross-border e-commerce retail import and export, optimize and upgrade the functions of tax management, quota control and declaration management, further meet the needs of cross-border e-commerce customs supervision business, and better serve the majority of Internet users

in addition, the transformation and upgrading policy of processing trade is also brewing. Song Xianmao, deputy director of the foreign trade department, previously revealed that in 2019, it will further promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade in the eastern region, support the central and western regions and northeast regions to undertake the industrial transfer of processing trade, deepen the reform of processing trade management system, and promote the development of new business forms such as high value-added bonded maintenance and remanufacturing of processing trade

on the trend of China's import and export in 2019, Li Kuiwen said that generally speaking, the long-term stable and good development momentum of China's domestic economy has not changed. The central government has also issued a series of policies and measures to stabilize foreign investment and foreign trade, and their effects are gradually showing, laying a solid policy foundation for the development of foreign trade this year. At the same time, the external environment is complex and severe. There are still many uncertain and unstable factors. Coupled with the objective factors of higher base, the growth rate of foreign trade may slow down

Lian Ping, chief economist of the financial research center of the Bank of communications, also believes that although the central and local governments have timely issued a series of policies to support export enterprises in the past few months, and all localities have given more support to export private enterprises and small and micro enterprises, the dividend release of these policies still needs a process

<span bdsfid="78"class="bjh-p> we believe that with the further expansion of China's opening-up and the in-depth promotion of supply side structural reform, China's foreign trade development is expected to steadily improve the quality and efficiency this year." Li Kuiwen said

(source: Economic Information Daily)

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